Analyzing IoT’s significance when combined with Big Data Analytics, AI, Edge and Cloud Computing?


What is IOT and why is it called the next big thing?


Recent market research has revealed that the IoT market will touch USD 1,839.37 Billion at a 37.55% CAGR by 2030. IoT has gained significant attention and popularity among businesses and consumers in recent years. The market for IoT devices is proliferating and will keep evolving with leading-edge solutions to further transform our lives and work.

What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?

IoT technology often describes smart devices or everyday objects connected to the internet. It refers to the network of interconnected devices, sensors, and software that collect and exchange data with each other. This network enables devices to communicate with each other and the internet, creating a vast system of interconnected devices.

The Origin of the Term

The term “Internet of Things” was coined in 1999 by British technology pioneer Kevin Ashton. Ashton was part of a team at MIT exploring the idea of using radio-frequency identification (RFID) to track objects in real time. He recognized that the technology had the potential to connect everyday objects to the internet, creating a network of interconnected devices.
At the time, the Internet was primarily used for communication between people. The idea of connecting physical objects to the Internet was a radical concept, and the term “Internet of Things” helped to encapsulate the idea in a way that was easy to understand.

What are Smart Devices?

Smart IoT devices or IoT-enabled devices are electronic gadgets designed to connect to the internet and other devices to make our lives more efficient and convenient. They can be anything from smartphones, smartwatches, and tablets, to smart home devices like smart speakers, thermostats, security cameras, and industrial machinery.

The Basic Elements of an IoT

● Sensors and Actuators: Sensors and actuators are the building blocks of IoT technology. Sensors collect data from the environment, such as temperature, humidity, light, and motion. On the other hand, actuators act upon the environment, such as turning on a light, opening a door, or adjusting the temperature.

● Connectivity: Connectivity is what enables devices to communicate with each other. The IoT uses various connectivity technologies, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and cellular networks, to allow devices to connect to the internet and communicate with each other.

● Data Processing and Analytics: Data processing and analytics are essential for making sense of the vast amounts of data generated by IoT devices. IoT systems collect data from multiple sources, such as sensors, social media, and online platforms, which are then processed and analyzed to gain insights and inform decision-making.

● Security and Privacy: With the proliferation of connected devices, the risk of cyber-attacks and data breaches has increased significantly. IoT systems must be secure and protect user privacy by employing various security measures like encryption, authentication, and access control.

● Cloud Computing: The technology allows data to be stored and processed in remote servers, making it easily accessible to devices connected to the internet. Cloud computing enables the IoT to collect and analyze vast amounts of data, making it easier to derive insights and make informed decisions.

● User Interface: The user interface is the face of the IoT. It is where the users interact with the devices, using various input and output modalities, such as voice, touch, gesture, or text. The user interface can be integrated into the devices or provided as a separate device, such as a smartphone, tablet, or smart speaker. It can be customized to the users’ preferences and needs, such as accessibility, language, or privacy. E.g., Alexa, Siri, etc.

The Benefits of IoT

IoT has several benefits that make it a game-changer in many industries. These benefits include:

● Convenience and Efficiency: IoT devices can automate many tasks, making our lives easier and more efficient. For example, a smart thermostat can learn your schedule and adjust the temperature in your home accordingly, saving energy and reducing your utility bills.

● Cost Savings: IoT devices can help businesses save money by optimizing processes and reducing waste. For example, a manufacturing plant can use IoT sensors to monitor its machinery and identify potential issues before they become costly problems.

● Improved Decision-Making: IoT devices can provide valuable insights and data to inform decision-making. For example, a retailer can use IoT sensors to track customer behavior and preferences, allowing them to tailor their marketing efforts and improve customer satisfaction.

● Enhanced Safety and Security: IoT devices can improve safety and security in various industries, such as healthcare and transportation. For example, a wearable device can monitor a patient’s vital signs and alert medical professionals if there is a problem.

The Future of IoT

The IoT is an ever-evolving technology expected to grow significantly in the coming years. Here are some of the trends that are shaping the future of IoT:

● Edge Computing: It is a technology that enables data processing and analysis at the edge of the network, closer to the devices that generate the data. Edge computing can help reduce latency and improve response times, making it ideal for applications that require real-time processing.

● Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: AI and ML enable devices to make intelligent decisions based on data, making them more efficient and effective.

● 5G Networks: This is the next generation of cellular networks that offer faster speeds and lower latency. 5G networks can enable more devices to connect to the internet simultaneously, making it ideal for the IoT.


The Internet of Things is the next big thing, already transforming our lives and work. Moving towards a more connected world, we must be mindful of security, scalability, and interoperability challenges and work together to overcome them. If we can do so, IoT can potentially improve our lives in ways we cannot even imagine.

Is the IoT the next hype after Big Data?

Is the IoT the next hype after Big Data?

One edition of Gartner’s Hype Cycle stated that the Internet of Things (IoT) surpassed big data as the most excessively promoted emerging technology. Unlike big data, which primarily benefited large companies, IoT is being adopted by both large and small companies. It is likely because IoT adoption relies on regulations, making it more accessible to various businesses.

The IoT encompasses all machine-generated data that travels over the internet, and it offers excellent potential in industrial applications, such as optimizing turbines in real-time or predicting maintenance needs for truck fleets, and consumer technology, like refrigerators monitoring milk levels or Fitbits tracking vital signs.

In short, IoT can potentially be a democratizing trend, enabling innovation from the bottom up. In the business-to-business (B2B) world, it offers advantages such as simplified operations, reduced costs, and the potential for new sources of income.

How are Big Data Analysis and the Internet of Things (IoT) related?

When using IoT devices, we deal with massive amounts of data that need to be analyzed in real-time to gain meaningful insights. Big data plays a crucial role in this process by providing platforms and techniques to analyze information, identify patterns, develop algorithms, and draw conclusions. For example, patients wear IoT-enabled bracelets that capture data like heart rate, pulse, and glucose level, which is then transmitted to their doctors. Access to real-time health metrics allows physicians to monitor vital signs and adjust treatment plans. Additionally, this data can be used for further research and drug studies.

IoT and big data, when combined, offer valuable insights and optimization opportunities across various industries.

What happens when big data and IoT work together?

IoT and big data are mutually beneficial. When deployed, IoT devices generate vast amounts of data requiring big data analytics in IoT for effective utilization. This symbiotic relationship allows big data to advance and gain greater sophistication and usefulness. Simultaneously, big data technology catalyzes the expansion of the IoT, enabling its growth and development.

What are the benefits of combining IoT and Big Data for companies?

Let’s explore the significant advantages businesses can gain from combining IoT and big data.

  • Enhances decision-making
  • Reduces the complexity of supply chain optimization
  • Improves risk monitoring and prediction
  • Improves ROI 
  • Enhances customer experience
  • Facilitates innovation and new revenue streams
  • Improves operational efficiency

The market potential of the IoT big data is evident and, when combined, can help companies gain invaluable insights into their internal processes, marketing efforts, supply chain management, and external market factors.

IOT: The Fourth Industrial Revolution in the Making?

During the Third Industrial Revolution, the focus was on information technology and digitization, with applications centered around communication between people and IT processes. However, machines and devices are engaged in constant and increasingly extensive communication in the current era. This shift has brought us closer to realizing the long-awaited vision of real-time enterprises, where organizations can promptly respond to needs and demands as they arise.

This is the area where IoT has contributed to the making of the fourth industrial revolution. How?

  • The IoT can potentially be regarded as the Fourth Industrial Revolution as this revolution relies heavily on data, with the Internet of Things (IoT) being a significant factor. Connected devices generate and consume vast data, from consumer products to industrial machinery.
  • IoT has played a pivotal role in the rapid advancement of Industry 4.0, a paradigm where all elements are interconnected in a unified network, and operations are largely automated, minimizing the need for extensive human intervention.
  • IoT facilitates real-time data monitoring and enhances decision-making, while its predictive capabilities mitigate potential industry hazards and aid in managing future asset functionality. 

The critical stages of IoT and Industry 4.0 evolution include:

  • Establishing connectivity between devices and systems
  • Extracting valuable insights from the collected data
  • Optimizing operations and processes for improved efficiency
  • Driving innovation and transformative changes

How will the IoT and the 4th Industrial Revolution affect us?

These emerging technologies are already pervasive in our surroundings:

  • Self-driving cars
  • Voice-activated assistants
  • Facial ID recognition
  • Smart factories able to operate without human intervention

The convergence of IoT and the fourth industrial revolution is revolutionizing and transforming our lives and industry.

  • They enhance work efficiency and convenience. For instance, IoT-enabled devices and automation allow machines to communicate and make real-time adjustments, enhancing productivity and efficiency. This can lead to significant cost savings and revenue growth.
  • They also hold the promise of improving the quality of life worldwide. For example, their applications are limitless, from fostering a zero-carbon sustainable future to enabling product lifecycle tracking in a circular economy, facilitating critical deliveries in challenging environments, or predicting and preventing natural disasters.
  • With billions of individuals connected via mobile devices and having access to unprecedented processing power, storage capacity, and knowledge, the possibilities are limitless. For example, by monitoring data such as mobile phone location over an extended period, we can gain insights into an individual’s lifestyle habits, including their workplace, preferred supermarkets, dining choices, time preferences, and more.
  • The emerging technologies have led to improved productivity and a transformation of production methods and relationships. For example, in the manufacturing industry, complete communication of relevant information throughout the production chain creates distinct sectors for each process, fostering their interconnectivity. This integration encompasses inventory management, enhanced production efficiency, energy conservation, and emission reduction, ultimately blurring the line between the manufacturing and information industries.
  • The Fourth Industrial Revolution and the Internet of Things (IoT) will create a transformative economic model known as the “sharing economy.” Constantly evolving, the sharing economy promises profound and revolutionary changes. A prime example is ride-hailing services like Uber, where customers can access taxi services from private car owners. This disruptive model extends beyond taxis, affecting the entire transportation industry. In the future, driverless vehicles may populate the streets, rendering human drivers unnecessary. The sharing economy’s impact expands to other sectors, such as shared accommodations (e.g., Airbnb).

What is industrial IoT and its application?

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) expands the Internet of Things (IoT) to industrial sectors, improving operations’ efficiency and reliability. With an emphasis on machine-to-machine (M2M) communication, big data, and machine learning, the IIoT empowers industries and enterprises. It encompasses various industrial IoT applications such as robotics, medical devices, and software-defined production processes.

IoT involves the implementation of instrumentation, connected sensors, and other industrial IoT devices in industrial settings to monitor and control machinery and processes. The industrial IoT interconnects machinery and devices in smart factories and industrial sites, ensuring continuous equipment operation vital for productivity and safety.

By leveraging industrial IoT technologies, companies automate manual processes, remotely manage assets, and unlock efficiencies and cost savings. The sector is rapidly expanding and is projected to reach a market value of $1.4 trillion to $3.3 trillion by 2030, accounting for 26% of the total IoT market.

The main industrial IoT applications are:

  • Industrial Automation and remote management and monitoring of equipment
  • Predictive maintenance
  • Inventory Management

In conclusion, IoT has played a crucial role in shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution, revolutionizing industries with enhanced productivity, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness. It has empowered the emergence of Industrial IoT, enabling seamless integration of automation, data analytics, and real-time decision-making in industrial sectors, transforming work processes, and paving the path for a connected and intelligent future.

Can IoT succeed without cloud computing?

The rapid expansion of IoT is transforming our world, leading to the rise of smart cities and readily available IoT solutions for various industries. However, the surge in connected devices has created a challenge for IoT adopters in managing the overwhelming amount of data generated from these devices.

Companies now need an efficient data accumulation system for their edge devices and remote IoT end nodes to address this issue. Cloud storage is a powerful platform for this purpose, as it allows seamless integration of IoT devices and facilitates streamlined data management.

In short, IoT can function without cloud computing, but integrating the two brings advantages for IoT success.

What is an IoT cloud platform?

IoT and cloud computing are hand-in-glove technologies. According to the latest report, the market for IoT cloud platforms is projected to expand from USD 6.4 billion in 2020 to USD 11.5 billion by 2025.

An IoT cloud platform is a cloud infrastructure that supports developing, deploying, and managing IoT solutions. It is a central hub for connecting and managing IoT devices, collecting and analyzing data, and integrating with other applications. Key features include:

  • Device connectivity
  • Data storage
  • Real-time analytics
  • Security
  • Scalability

Examples of IoT cloud platforms are Amazon Web Services IoT and Microsoft Azure IoT Hub.

Why is cloud computing necessary to make IoT successful?

Organizations that rely on legacy infrastructures will need help in leveraging IoT technologies. By adopting a hybrid cloud approach, IT teams can find the right balance of hosting options. This allows for efficient management of rapid deployments, maximizing the potential of IoT devices and future-proofing the IoT strategy without the need for extensive investments in expensive infrastructure.

The cloud is a robust platform for IoT device communications and data storage, offering improved connectivity and ROI for enterprises. Let’s discuss why cloud computing is necessary and can be a perfect platform for IoT applications.

● Data storage: Cloud computing offers vast and virtually limitless storage capacity tailored to business needs. With cloud computing services, all data collected by IoT devices can be stored, enabling businesses to leverage it for valuable insights.

● Interoperability and data management: The cloud is vital in bridging applications and seamlessly integrating diverse data sources, allowing for comprehensive analysis regardless of origin. Moreover, the cloud facilitates streamlined integration of IoT solutions with innovative products from various third-party manufacturers, creating additional user value.

● Remote and centralized management: The cloud offers a centralized hub for managing and controlling IoT devices, simplifying the process of updating, monitoring, and troubleshooting IoT systems. Cloud computing enables convenient remote access to data, promoting seamless collaboration among developers. This remote collaboration streamlines the implementation of IoT solutions with enterprise systems, servers, and other devices.

● Reduced Cost: Businesses can substantially reduce infrastructure costs by transitioning to a cloud-based solution. The licenses required for expensive on-premise hardware and software become obsolete, as all operations can be efficiently carried out from the cloud.

Example of implementing cloud computing set-up in an IoT ecosystem

  • An IoT device system like Google Nest or Alexa gathers data on household energy usage. This system analyzes the collected data through cloud computing and provides recommendations to homeowners on reducing energy consumption.
  • IoT medical devices utilize cloud computing to transmit patients’ vital sign data to a cloud-based application. This data is then displayed and analyzed by doctors responsible for monitoring their patients within the application.

The cloud empowers organizations to speed up IoT product development, efficiently manage data, ensure robust IoT ecosystem security, and seamlessly integrate with existing systems and devices.

For scaling IoT initiatives, the cloud is essential, enabling faster time to market, enhanced flexibility, and increased lifetime value of IoT deployments.

What is IoT edge computing with an example?


A recent report from Allied Market Research has revealed significant growth in the global edge computing market. Titled “Edge Computing Market by Component, Applications, Organization Size, and Industry Vertical: Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2018-2025,” the report states that the market was valued at $1,734.8 million in 2017 and is expected to reach $16,556.6 million by 2025, representing a CAGR of 32.8% from 2018 to 2025.

What is Edge Computing?

Edge computing is a distributed computing paradigm that involves processing data and running applications near the network’s edge, where the data is generated rather than transmitted to a centralized data center for processing. The devices at the edge of networks are referred to as edge devices.

An edge device serves as a gateway to enterprise or service provider core networks, allowing access to these networks from external devices. These devices include routers, routing switches, multiplexers, integrated access devices, and other access devices for metropolitan and wide area networks. Edge devvices provide the necessary connectivity and security to transfer data between external devices and core networks.

Edge Computing in IoT: How Do They Fit Together?

As the number of IoT devices continues to grow, so does the amount of data they generate. This has created challenges for traditional cloud-based systems, which struggle to handle the sheer volume of information.

Edge computing has emerged as a solution to this problem, offering a way to streamline data processing and analysis by bringing computing resources closer to the IoT edge devices generating the data. By processing data at the “edge” of the network, closer to the devices themselves, edge computing reduces latency, minimizes bandwidth usage, and enhances overall system performance.

When combined with IoT, edge computing can amplify the efficiency. IoT devices can operate more autonomously, processing and analyzing data locally rather than relying on a central cloud-based server. The result is a more efficient, secure, and reliable IoT ecosystem supporting a wide range of applications and use cases.

Benefits of IoT Edge Computing

Edge computing offers several benefits for the Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem.

● Latency: IoT devices can process data in real time, enabling faster decision-making and reducing latency. This can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of IoT systems, making them more responsive and adaptable to changing conditions.

● Security and Privacy: Edge computing enhances security and privacy by reducing the data transmitted over the network. By processing data locally, sensitive information can be kept secure and private, minimizing the risk of data breaches or cyber-attacks.

● Autonomous Operation & Cost-effectiveness: Edge computing enables IoT devices to process data and analyze tasks using specialized software and algorithms optimized for local processing. This can reduce costs and allow autonomous operation, as devices can perform tasks without human intervention.

● Lesser Network Load: Edge computing reduces data transmission to central servers, easing network congestion and boosting system performance.

● Facilitates New Use Cases: IoT edge computing can enable new applications and use cases that were previously impossible.

Practical IoT Edge Computing Examples

  1. Autonomous vehicles are a prime example of how IoT edge solutions and edge computing can work in tandem. These vehicles constantly collect and process real-time data on traffic, pedestrians, road signs, and other environmental factors and monitor the vehicle’s systems.

    In the event of a sudden need to stop or turn to avoid an accident, relying on a centralized cloud server for data processing would be too slow. However, edge computing enables cloud computing services to be brought to the vehicle, allowing IoT sensors to process data locally and in real time. This allows the vehicle to respond quickly and effectively to potential safety hazards, such as pedestrians or other vehicles in its path.

    The example above highlights how edge computing is essential for enabling the real-time data processing and analysis needed for autonomous vehicles to operate safely and efficiently. By bringing cloud computing services to the vehicle, edge computing allows autonomous vehicles to respond quickly and effectively to changing road conditions and potential safety hazards.
  2. For example, consider a factory that uses machines on its assembly line, with inputs processed using a remote, cloud-based server. This configuration offers major safety issues since the time it takes to receive an input, send it to the cloud, process it, and then send the matching instruction back to the machine may be too long. If the command involves stopping the machine because of a human limb in the way, serious injury could occur.

    However, with edge computing, the data can be processed locally, eliminating the need for data to travel long distances to a cloud-based server. This can significantly reduce latency, allowing the machine to respond quickly to safety-critical commands. With the data only traveling a short distance, the response time can be reduced from seconds to milliseconds, enhancing safety and reducing the risk of accidents.

In a nutshell, IoT edge computing is a promising technology that has the potential to transform the IoT landscape by enabling new use cases, improving system performance, and enhancing security and privacy.

What is the role of AI and IoT in data analysis?


Grappling with the deluge of data originating from numerous IoT devices makes data collection, processing, and analysis challenging.

Looking ahead to the future of IoT devices, substantial investment in cutting-edge technologies is required. AI-enabled IoT empowers intelligent machines to exhibit innovative behavior and facilitate decision-making with minimal human intervention. The convergence of AI and IoT can transform business operations and entire industries.

As per a report, the global market for AI in big data and IoT is projected to surpass $26 billion by 2025. IoT focuses on devices communicating via the internet, while AI enables machines to learn from experiential data.

AI enhances IoT data analysis through machine learning and improved decision-making. IoT adds value to AI through connectivity and data exchange. Together, they create a synergistic relationship, enabling smarter systems and applications.

What is the role of AI and IoT in data analysis?

Conventional data analysis is instrumental in IoT deployment, but AI takes it further by offering faster and more accurate results. AI can organize complex data sets, enhance interoperability among IoT devices, and provide real-time conclusions.

AI and IoT data analysis work together to manage three types of data:

  • Raw data – It refers to untouched and unstructured data
  • Metadata – It refers to data about the vast data 
  • Transformed data – Refers to value-added data obtained through processing and analysis

AI plays a crucial role in supporting the management of each data type by identifying, categorizing, and aiding in decision-making processes.

Applying IoT and artificial intelligence in data analytics offers numerous benefits to companies and consumers, including proactive intervention, personalized experiences, and intelligent automation. Here are some of the advantages that businesses can gain from the integration of IoT with AI data analysis:

● Improved Decision-making: AI empowers devices to interpret data and make real-time decisions autonomously, eliminating delays and congestion caused by data transfers.

An example is the automation of vision-based quality inspection, where industrial automation uses cameras for quality control. This application involves tracking and ensuring compliance with guidelines and regulations, such as detecting the presence of personal protective equipment like masks, helmets, vests, or gloves.

Another example of industrial AI & IoT is the Oil and Gas industry, where cameras remotely detect leakages.

● Improve Operational Efficiency: AI excels at processing vast amounts of data from IoT devices and identifying underlying patterns more efficiently than humans. When combined with machine learning, AI further enhances its ability to predict optimal operational conditions and recommend modifications for improved outcomes.

Google has achieved cost savings in cooling its data centers by utilizing AI and IoT technologies.

● Avoid Downtime: Specific industries, like offshore oil and gas, face significant challenges due to downtime caused by unforeseen equipment breakdowns. These disruptions can result in substantial financial losses. However, with the integration of AIoT, it becomes possible to anticipate equipment failures in advance and proactively schedule maintenance, mitigating the risk of severe issues and minimizing costly downtime.

● Improved Risk Management: Distributed and intelligent systems can forecast future risks and proactively take preventive measures. For instance, they can analyze water levels, ensure employee safety, or perform crowd analysis in public spaces.

The combination of AI data analysis and IoT is a powerful union. AI empowers IoT by making intelligent decisions, while IoT enables AI by exchanging valuable data. Together, these technologies will usher in a new era of transformative solutions and experiences for businesses in various industries, opening up exciting new opportunities.

What operating systems do the Internet of Things use?


IoT has become integral to our daily lives. But have you ever wondered what operating systems power these connected devices? This article explores the various operating systems the Internet of Things uses and what makes them unique.

What is an IoT Operating System?

IoT operating systems, or IoT OS, are specialized software designed to run on Internet of Things devices. These operating systems are different from traditional ones as they have to work with limited processing power, memory, and storage. IoT operating systems must also support various hardware architectures and provide excellent security features.

The Importance of IoT Operating Systems

Without the appropriate IoT operating systems, IoT devices would struggle to communicate with one another and would be unable to provide users with a unified and connected experience.

IoT devices’ seamless connection and communication rely heavily on implementing IoT operating systems. Conventional operating systems like Windows or iOS fall short of catering to IoT devices’ specific requirements and abilities.

These traditional systems often lack the essential provisions for limited memory, low power consumption, and efficient data processing that IoT devices necessitate. A dedicated operating system specially designed for IoT devices is imperative. It enables seamless integration and communication between various IoT devices, ultimately creating a more unified and connected experience for end-users.

Major Operating Systems for IoT Devices

IoT devices use various operating systems (OS) to function. These operating systems are lightweight, require low power, and are highly efficient, allowing the devices to perform smoothly while consuming minimal power.

● Linux-based Operating Systems

One of the most commonly used operating systems for IoT devices is Linux. Linux is an open-source operating system that is highly customizable and can be modified to suit the specific needs of an IoT device. It is highly scalable and can be used on a wide range of devices, from simple sensors to complex devices like home automation systems and industrial machinery.  One of the most popular Linux-based operating systems for IoT devices is the Raspberry Pi OS. This OS is designed for the Raspberry Pi, a small, single-board computer commonly used in IoT projects.

● Real-Time Operating Systems

RTOS is another type of operating system used by IoT devices. These operating systems are designed to handle tasks that require real-time processing, such as sensor data collection or control systems. RTOS is a highly efficient and reliable operating system ideal for devices requiring precise timing and accuracy.

● FreeRTOS: This is one of the most commonly used real-time OS for IoT devices. FreeRTOS is an open-source operating system that is highly scalable and can be used on various devices with limited resources, and is highly efficient in terms of memory and power consumption.

● Wind River VXWorks: VxWorks is a state-of-the-art real-time operating system meticulously crafted for the specific needs of industrial and embedded devices. It supports many CPU architectures, providing the flexibility and versatility to tackle even the most complex and demanding projects.

● Apache Mynewt: Apache Mynewt is a modular, real-time operating system designed for resource-constrained (power, memory, and storage constraints) IoT devices with Bluetooth, Low Energy, and Wi-Fi connectivity options.

● Windows 10 IoT Core

This is a lightweight version of Windows 10 designed and highly optimized for low-power and low-memory devices and supports a wide range of hardware. Windows 10 IoT Core also supports Universal Windows Platform (UWP) applications, making developing applications for IoT devices easy.

● Android Things

Android Things is a version of the Android operating system that supports a wide range of hardware and provides developers with robust APIs. Android Things is also highly customizable, which makes it an ideal choice for developers who want to build custom IoT solutions.

● Contiki

Contiki is an open-source operating system designed to work with low-power microcontrollers, making it ideal for battery-powered devices such as sensors and wearables. Contiki also supports various wireless communication protocols, such as Bluetooth and Zigbee.

● Other Operating Systems

Apart from the ones mentioned above, several other IoT operating systems exist. Some are listed below:

● TinyOS: TinyOS is an open-source, Berkeley Source Distribution (BSD)-licensed, event-driven operating system designed for low-power wireless devices like those used in sensor networks.

● Tizen: An open-source operating system specifically designed for smartwatches and other wearable devices.

Choosing the Right IoT Operating System

When selecting an operating system for IoT, developers must consider hardware capabilities, wireless communication protocols, and security features. Additionally, developers must consider the level of community support and documentation available for the operating system. In short, consider factors such as the target device class, connectivity options, memory requirements, scalability, portability, modularity, security, industry compliance regulations, and support offered by the OS developer.

Each operating system has its strengths and weaknesses, and the choice of the operating system depends on the specific requirements of the IoT device. We expect to see more operating systems designed specifically for IoT devices as IoT grows.

How do you choose the right IoT Connectivity Platform?


The concept of IoT has opened up new possibilities in various industries, from healthcare to manufacturing to logistics and much more. With the increasing demand for IoT devices, having a reliable and secure IoT connectivity platform has become crucial. But how do you choose the right IoT connectivity platform? With so many options available in the market, selecting the right IoT connectivity management platform can be a daunting task. This article will discuss some essential factors when choosing an IoT connectivity platform.

What is an IoT Connectivity Platform?

An IoT connectivity platform is a set of technologies, protocols, and standards that enable IoT devices to connect, communicate and share data securely and efficiently. It is like a bridge that connects your IoT devices to the cloud or other systems. The connectivity platform ensures that your IoT devices can send and receive data and that the data is stored, processed, and analyzed correctly.

Popular IoT Connectivity Platforms

  • Amazon Web Services (AWS) IoT Core
  • Microsoft Azure IoT Hub
  • Google Cloud IoT Core
  • IBM Watson IoT Platform
  • Cisco IoT Cloud Connect

Factors to Consider When Choosing an IoT Connectivity Platform

Choosing the right IoT connectivity platform can be overwhelming, especially if you are new to the IoT ecosystem. Here are some essential factors to consider when selecting an IoT connectivity platform.

● Connectivity Options: The IoT ecosystem consists of devices that use different connectivity options such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, cellular, and satellite. Choose an IoT connectivity platform that supports multiple connectivity options.

● Reliability: Choose an IoT connectivity platform that offers availability and redundancy to ensure your devices are always connected. It should be able to handle network outages and ensure uptime.

● Scalability: Ensure that the IoT connectivity platform you choose can handle the scale of your IoT network. It should be able to manage large volumes of data and devices. You should be able to add more devices and expand your network without interruption in service.

● Security: Your IoT devices collect sensitive data, and ensuring that the data is secure and protected is crucial. The platform should have built-in security features such as encryption, authentication, and access control. It should also comply with industry standards and regulations to protect your data.

● Cost: You need to consider the cost of hardware, software, maintenance, and support. Choosing a platform that fits your budget and provides value for money is essential.

● Integration and Compatibility: The IoT connectivity platform should be compatible with your existing infrastructure and systems. Integrating and working seamlessly with your devices, sensors, and applications should be easy. The platform should also support various protocols and standards to connect your devices to other systems and platforms.

● Flexibility and Customization: It should allow you to customize the platform to fit your unique needs, and you should be able to add new features and functionalities as your business grows.

● Support: Look for an IoT connectivity platform that offers 24/7 support and has a dedicated team of experts to assist you.

Consider the abovementioned factors and select a platform that meets your business needs. Ensure your chosen platform is scalable, reliable, secure, and cost-effective. With the right IoT connectivity platform, you can enable your devices to communicate seamlessly and unlock the true potential of IoT. And if the pressure of choosing the right IoT connectivity platform and the entailing responsibilities overwhelm you, it is best to partner with an IoT connectivity solutions provider.

What is an application enablement platform?


In today’s digital era, businesses need intelligent applications to compete in the market. These applications can be highly complex, requiring integration with multiple systems, data sources, and devices. This is where Application Enablement Platforms (AEP) come in handy. This article will discuss what an AEP is and how it can help businesses build intelligent applications.

What is an AEP, and Why do businesses need it?

An Application Enablement Platform is a software platform that enables the development of intelligent applications. In addition to a wide range of features, it provides developers with the necessary tools and services to build, deploy, and manage applications more efficiently and effectively. It also provides a unified view of the entire application development process, which helps businesses save time and money. This is why it powers the creation of IoT applications.
How does an AEP work?

How does an AEP work?

An AEP provides developers with pre-built tools and services to build intelligent applications. These tools and services are highly modular, meaning they can combine in various ways to build different types of applications. The AEP also provides developers with APIs to integrate their applications with other systems, data sources, and devices.

Key features of an AEP

Some of the key features of an AEP include:

● Data Management: An AEP provides developers with tools and services for managing data, including storage, retrieval, and manipulation.

● Security: It provides developers with tools and services for securing their applications, including authentication, authorization, and encryption.

● Analytics: An AEP provides tools and services for analyzing data. This includes data visualization, reporting, and predictive analytics.

The IoT application enablement platform market is expected to reach US$ 36 Billion by 2032. In a world where the competition is tough, businesses need to stay ahead of the game by building intelligent applications that can provide them with a competitive edge. An AEP can help enterprises achieve this goal by providing the necessary tools and services to build smart applications. Companies looking for an outsource partner can contact application enablement platform providers who offer customized platform solutions.

Why would anyone hack smart devices Internet of Things?


The convenience of connecting smart devices to the internet has made our lives easier, but it also poses a significant threat to our privacy and security. A recent study found that smart homes can experience up to 12,000 hack attempts per week. And most people don’t even know it’s happening! Hackers are always looking for IoT vulnerabilities to exploit and gain unauthorized access to these devices.

Smart devices collect sensitive data that can be used to exploit individuals or cause harm. These devices, ranging from smart homes to connected cars, are vulnerable to attacks, and the consequences can be severe. Let’s dive into the reasons why someone would hack smart devices in the IoT.

Reasons for IoT Device Hacking

● Economic Gain: One of the most apparent reasons hackers would target smart devices is for financial gain. Hackers can hijack these devices and use them for malicious purposes, such as cryptocurrency mining or ransomware attacks. Hackers can demand a ransom to return control of the device, making it a lucrative business.

● Espionage and Surveillance: Internet of Things hackers can access sensitive information, such as personal data or corporate secrets, and use it for blackmail or extortion. Smart devices are often connected to cameras and microphones, making them perfect targets for eavesdropping.

● Cyber Warfare: Hackers can target critical infrastructure systems like power grids and transportation networks. These attacks can cause widespread disruption and chaos, with severe consequences.

● Political Motives: Hackers may seek to disrupt the operation of critical infrastructure or influence public opinion. Hackers can use IoT devices for propaganda, disinformation, or other forms of cyber warfare.

● Personal Vendettas: Hacking smart devices can be a way to get back at someone or an organization. They may have a grudge against the device’s owner or a company and want to cause harm.

● Botnets: A botnet is a network of infected devices that a hacker can control remotely. Botnets can carry out cyberattacks, such as distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, stealing sensitive information, and even mining cryptocurrencies. The larger the botnet, the more damage it can cause. Botnets can be rented out to other cybercriminals, making them even more valuable to hackers.

● The Dark Web: The dark web is a hidden part of the internet that is not accessible through traditional search engines. It is a haven for cybercriminals to buy and sell illegal goods and services, including stolen data, IoT hacking tools, and even botnets. The dark web makes it easier for hackers to carry out their activities without fear of being caught.

● Testing Security: Hackers may target smart devices to test their security measures. They may want to see how easy it is to access the device and its data. This can help identify security vulnerability that needs to be addressed.

Cybersecurity is critical in protecting IoT devices from hacking, but the human factor cannot be ignored. Users must be educated on how to use IoT devices safely and securely, such as using strong passwords, updating firmware regularly, and avoiding public Wi-Fi networks.

The risks of IoT device hacking are significant, including data breaches, cyber-attacks, identity theft, and financial loss. Implementing robust security measures and educating users on using IoT devices safely and securely is essential to prevent cyber criminals from carrying out their activities.

How do we best address the technical challenges impacting security for the IoT?


The rapid adoption of IoT devices has increased the risk of security breaches. Hackers can exploit vulnerabilities in IoT devices and gain access to private and sensitive data. So, it is crucial to understand the technical challenges affecting IoT security and the best ways to overcome them.

The Scope of IoT Security Challenges

With the rise of smart homes and cities, hackers have more opportunities to exploit IoT vulnerabilities. The technical challenges affecting IoT security include:

● IoT Device Vulnerabilities: IoT devices are often not designed with security in mind, making them easy targets for hackers. Many devices have weak or default passwords that are easily guessed, leaving them open to attack. In addition, many devices are not updated regularly, leaving them vulnerable to known security flaws.

● Insufficient Security Measures: Many IoT devices do not have sufficient security measures to protect against cyberattacks. Some IoT devices lack encryption and authentication protocols, making it easy for hackers to access private and sensitive data.

● Complexity of IoT Systems: The complexity of IoT systems is another technical challenge affecting security. IoT systems often involve numerous interconnected devices, making it difficult to secure each device independently. Additionally, IoT systems’ complexity can make it challenging to identify potential security threats.

● Lack of Standardization: The lack of standardized security protocols across different IoT devices makes it challenging to ensure consistent security. This fragmentation makes it difficult to manage security and identify vulnerabilities.

● Lack of Scalability: As the number of IoT devices grows, the challenges associated with securing them increase. Traditional security approaches may not be scalable enough to address the needs of the expanding IoT ecosystem.

Best Practices for Addressing IoT Security Challenges

Developers and users can follow several best practices for IoT security.

● Conducting Regular Security Audits: Security audits help identify vulnerabilities in IoT devices and systems and provide solutions to address them.

● Security by Design: IoT device security must be designed from the ground up. Security must be built into the design process rather than added as an afterthought. Developers should follow industry standards and guidelines for secure device design.

● Implementing Strong Encryption: Encryption and robust authentication mechanisms can secure communication channels to protect against data breaches and make it more difficult for hackers to access sensitive data.

● Access Controls: Default passwords should be disabled, and strong passwords enforced. Access to sensitive data should be restricted to authorized users only.

● Educating Consumers and Employees: By educating users, they can understand how to identify and mitigate potential security threats.

● Regular Updates: As per a survey, nearly 60% of breaches were attributable to compromised, unpatched software. IoT device manufacturers must provide updates to address known security flaws promptly.

● Scalable Security Solutions: Cloud-based security solutions can provide a scalable way to manage and secure IoT devices.

● IoT Security Solutions Partner: To free the core team from IoT-related security concerns, an enterprise can partner with an IoT solutions partner and focus on the core business competencies like innovation and client acquisition.

Importance of Collaboration in IoT Security

Effective IoT security results from the collaboration between governments, IoT companies, and consumers.

  • Governments must create regulations and guidelines to ensure the security of IoT devices. 
  • IoT companies must implement these guidelines and invest in secure software and hardware to prevent security breaches. 
  • Consumers must also take responsibility for securing their IoT devices by regularly updating their software and passwords and being cautious about the information they share online.

It is essential to remember that the security of the IoT affects everyone. A popular VPN company found that 25% of consumers took no action to protect their IoT devices. A security breach can have severe consequences, such as identity theft and financial loss. Therefore, it is crucial to take the necessary steps to ensure the security of IoT devices.

What is an IoT service provider and how does it work?


IoT services refer to services external providers offer to design, construct, install, and operate IoT solutions for businesses. This includes advisory consulting for IoT planning.

Fortune Business Insights predicts that the global IoT market will reach USD 3352.97 billion by 2030, with a projected compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 26.1% from 2023 to 2030, indicating a potential surge in the IoT services market.

The market for IoT service providers comprises small, medium, and large firms that develop and implement IoT solution applications across various industries like manufacturing, healthcare, transportation, and retail.

Tasks and Responsibilities of an IoT Service Provider

IoT service providers offer a range of Internet of Things solutions for businesses seeking to leverage their potential. The services they provide include:

  • Creating and developing devices, sensors, and software for IoT
  • Researching, creating, testing, and documenting IoT solutionsHow do IoT Service Providers Work?
  • Designing, coding, and testing features of IoT devices
  • Providing solutions to IoT network and platform connection issues
  • Analyzing user needs and working as service designers for IoT
  • Developing software for process monitoring and execution
  • Designing cloud-compatible platform solutions for IoT applications
  • Developing software for IoT devices to function and connect with other devices

How do IoT Service Providers Work?

IoT operations encompass a range of tasks requiring a specialized team’s expertise. This is where IoT Service Providers play a crucial role. These providers consist of a team of specialists responsible for handling various tasks across different domains, justifying their individual roles. These roles are defined below:

  • Network specialists manage everything related to connectivity.
  • Data analysts collect IoT data from devices and convert it into usable information.
  • Engineers create IoT service platforms, software, hardware, and systems that enable these devices to function and connect properly.

IoT Service Providers have additional responsibilities described here:

  • They manage and maintain devices or plan and configure IoT solutions. 
  • Their work extends the benefits of IoT technology to users, making it easier for them to accomplish tasks in their daily lives. For instance, ordering groceries online instead of going to the store in person saves time and money on transportation.
  • They can work across the entire IoT stack, which includes devices, cloud, user interfaces, connectivity, and backbone support.
  • Moreover, their roles can focus on various aspects of the system, providing expertise in software development, data analysis, hardware design, network architecture, and security, among others.

Here’s an example of how IoT services can benefit a B2C brand – Bigbasket, a large online grocery headquartered in Bangalore, India, uses IoT-powered applications to ensure the quality and freshness of products such as fruits, vegetables, and other grocery items.
The IoT services assist in understanding item information to ensure that it is packed in the correct container and balances the varied temperatures of each item during the journey from the warehouse to the final delivery location, ensuring customers get fresh and undamaged items on time.

Major IoT Platforms as a Service Provider Examples

IoT platform services refer to cloud-based services that facilitate the creation, deployment, and administration of connected devices, sensors, and applications.

These services typically include device communication capabilities, data analytics and storage management, security protocols, and APIs enabling communication with other systems.
A few examples of major IoT as a service provider platforms are as below:

  • Google Cloud Platform
  • OpenRemote
  • IRI Voracity
  • Particle
  • ThingWorx
  • IBM Watson IoT
  • AWS IoT service

Internet of Things (IoT) technology has become ubiquitous in all aspects of life, from homes and industries to enterprises. By offering innovative IoT-powered solutions, IoT Service Providers assist organizations in converting their business requirements into competitive advantages.

Techwave IoT-as-a-service platform offers a secure and scalable solution for building machine-to-machine (M2M) solutions. With a focus on delivering innovative IoT solutions, we enable quick time-to-market for our customers.

What is an IoT proof of concept (PoC)?


A Microsoft survey claims that “around one-third of IoT projects fail in proof of concept (POC), often because implementation is expensive or the bottom-line benefits are unclear”.

Internet of Things (IoT) solutions are complex, and their deployment can be costly and time-consuming. Before investing significant resources in an IoT solution, ensuring it can deliver the intended value is essential. An IoT PoC helps achieve that by providing a low-risk environment for testing and experimentation. It allows stakeholders to visualize the IoT solution in action, validate its assumptions, and identify potential issues before deploying it at scale.

In simple terms – An IoT PoC is a preliminary test of an IoT solution to determine its viability and feasibility.

Key Benefits of an IoT PoC

● Reduces Risks: It allows stakeholders to identify and address potential issues before they become critical.

● Validates Assumptions: An IoT PoC validates assumptions about the IoT solution’s potential value and performance, which helps make informed investment decisions.

● Saves Resources: It is a cost-effective way to test an IoT solution’s viability and feasibility. An IoT proof of concept saves resources by preventing expensive mistakes that may arise during the full-scale deployment of the IoT solution.

● Speeds up Time-to-Market: It allows stakeholders to develop and test an IoT solution quickly, reducing the time to launch and making the solution available to the market sooner.

Key Steps in Developing an IoT PoC

IoT companies usually follow this proof of concept process to fast-track the validation and deployment of an IoT plan for their clients.

● Define the Objectives: Identify what you want to achieve with the IoT solution and the key performance indicators (KPIs) to measure its success.

● Identify the Devices and Sensors: The next step is identifying the devices and sensors for the IoT solution. Consider the data that must be collected and the devices that can collect that data.

● Develop the Software: The next step is to develop the software to process the data collected by the devices and sensors. This software should be scalable and flexible to accommodate future enhancements.

● Test the PoC: This includes testing the IoT solution’s functionality, performance, and scalability. Identify any issues that arise and address them before deploying the solution at scale.

A Real-World Example of an IoT POC

In this example/case study, we’ll explore how an IoT proof of concept was implemented in a smart factory to improve the efficiency of the production process.

The factory was experiencing downtime due to unexpected equipment failure, resulting in production delays and increased costs. The solution was to implement an IoT system that would monitor the equipment in real-time and predict potential failures before they occurred.
The IoT proof of concept was implemented in three stages:

  • Design and development of the IoT system
  • Testing of the IoT system in a controlled environment 
  • Implementation of the IoT system in the production environment

The results of the IoT proof of concept were remarkable. The factory reduced downtime by 50%, resulting in a 30% increase in production efficiency. The predictive maintenance capabilities of the IoT system also helped the factory to reduce maintenance costs by 20%.

Challenges and Opportunities: The stakeholders encountered several challenges during the IoT proof of concept, including connectivity issues and data security concerns. However, they overcame the challenges by using appropriate technologies and protocols. The IoT proof of concept also revealed opportunities for further improvements, such as integrating artificial intelligence (AI) to enhance the predictive maintenance capabilities of the system.

IoT technology is growing, with new challenges presenting in each leap. Hence, testing the waters before jumping in is highly recommended, and IoT proof of concept is an indispensable step toward embracing IoT.

What are Custom IoT Solutions?


According to a recent report, by 2025, the economic value of the IoT solutions market might reach $4–11 trillion. With the continued growth of IoT technology, IoT solutions are becoming increasingly popular across various industries, including healthcare, transportation, manufacturing, and agriculture.

What are IoT Solutions?

One notable example is the transportation industry, where IoT devices are used to optimize fleet management. Sensors installed in vehicles can track fuel consumption, driver behavior, and vehicle performance, providing insights that can help companies save money and improve safety.

Other examples of IoT technology solutions are in manufacturing, where it can enhance communication between various departments. Real-time data sharing among connected devices and sensors enables better collaboration and coordination, leading to more efficient operations and improved decision-making. Connected cars, smart appliances, and security systems are all examples of IoT technology solutions.

  • Identifying the specific needs of the business and establishing a framework
  • Developing a customized module to meet those needs
  • Operating and maintaining the system to ensure optimal performance

Need for Custom IoT Solutions

IoT customers now have heightened expectations and demand solutions that align with their unique problem statements. The trend is shifting towards fully customized solutions, as customers refuse to accept anything less or more than their specific requirements.

The key lies in designing IoT systems that offer a perfect solution to the identified challenge. This is where custom IoT solutions play a vital role. By developing a system that flawlessly addresses a particular problem statement, businesses can meet the exact needs of their IoT customers.
Let’s understand the need for custom IoT solutions with the help of an example.

AWS and Microsoft Azure offer robust features and commercial capabilities and have free versions. But there are limitations on functionality, device communication, and data storage. Moreover, these services can be complex with steep learning curves, making them unsuitable for maker projects. This is where a custom IoT platform becomes a viable solution!

What are Custom IoT Solutions?

A custom IoT solution is a tailored and specialized system developed to meet the unique requirements of a particular organization or use case. This can include developing specialized sensors or hardware devices, creating special software applications, or integrating existing systems with IoT technology.

A custom IoT solution is creating an Internet of Things application instead of using a pre-built option. A variety of industries deploy custom IoT development solutions. These solutions can help businesses optimize operations, reduce costs, improve productivity, and enhance IoT customer experiences.

Let’s consider a basic factory management system. Different customers may have varying requirements, such as monitoring temperature and humidity for some, while others may require detecting human presence and pressure. These customers may have distinct threshold values, operate in different environments, and use equipment with unique designs. In such cases, a customized embedded system approach becomes crucial. It is not feasible to sell an off-the-shelf solution to a larger customer base without the willingness to customize or tailor the system according to their needs.

The vast IoT market holds endless opportunities for various industries and resources. Its applications will soon permeate every vertical, making custom IoT development solutions increasingly sought-after. Recognizing their significance, businesses are embracing tailor-made solutions to harness the full potential of IoT.

What is COSMOS IoT?


IoT applications produce vast volumes of data that require real-time or offline batch processing. On-premise databases are inadequate for industrial IoT applications due to their limited scalability.

Cloud software systems have grown, with many legacy systems migrating to offer software as services. They offer benefits like transparent updates, distributed processing, scalability, and diverse product offerings. IoT applications can use on-premises servers or cloud-based platforms based on factors like latency and security.

As per the latest report, the IoT cloud platform market is projected to increase from USD 6.4 billion in 2020 to USD 11.5 billion by 2025.

Cloud-based storage provides elastic capacity, enabling seamless scalability without compromising performance. Cloud storage options include warm and cold storage, with trade-offs in terms of latency, query capabilities, and cost. Warm storage solutions like Cosmos DB and Azure SQL Database offer lower latency and flexible query interfaces, albeit at a higher price.

What is COSMOS IoT?

The COSMOS IoT is an advanced cloud-based network monitoring platform that efficiently monitors networks’ performance, health, and availability from a central console, allowing remote access and management.

IoT solutions with COSMOS refer to a range of Internet of Things (IoT) solutions developed by COSMOS. These solutions provide a framework for connecting and integrating various IoT devices and systems, allowing them to communicate and share data seamlessly. These solutions often involve standardized protocols and communication interfaces to ensure compatibility and ease of integration; in short, it enables interoperability and collaboration between various IoT devices and platforms.

Azure Cosmos DB is an example of a COSMOS IoT solution. Microsoft Azure offers this globally distributed database service that supports various data models. Unlike traditional relational databases, Cosmos DB is a NoSQL database capable of managing unstructured and semi-structured data formats. It is purpose-built to ensure high availability, scalability, and fast data access for essential applications.

It can store and retrieve user-generated content (UGC) in web, mobile, and social media applications. Azure Cosmos DB can effectively manage various forms of UGC, such as chat sessions, tweets, blog posts, ratings, and comments.

Techwave COSMOS IoT Platform

Techwave COSMOS IoT Platform is an enterprise-level IoT platform that utilizes a cloud-native architecture and offers a fully customizable range of features

The Techwave COSMOS Platform, built on flexible microservices, effortlessly adjusts to meet the requirements of various applications and needs. It can seamlessly scale from small start-ups to large enterprises, offering advanced deployment capabilities for multi-cloud IoT environments.

Cosmos simplifies the entire process of creating IoT applications, including hardware-cloud integration, rule automation, and personalized user experiences. It comes with a comprehensive set of sought-after COSMOS IoT features pre-configured and also provides flexible customization options to fulfill your project objectives consistently. Some notable advantages include, but are not limited to:

  • Cloud-agnostic deployment model
  • Reduced operational costs
  • Scalability
  • Built-in security with a 124-bit encryption protocol
  • Seamless connectivity to other IT systems through REST APIs and more.